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2 . 2022

Health of the economically active population the Russian Federation and the Siberian Federal District. Social and economic aspects

Abstract

The aim is to analyze the dynamics of indicators characterizing the health status of the economically active population and some socio-economic consequences of the implementation of measures to improve it in the Russian Federation and the Siberian Federal District (SFD).

Material and methods. The statistical data of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, the Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat), the Federal Service for Supervision of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Well-Being (Rospotrebnadzor), as well as data from the Ministries of Health of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation that are part of the SFD were used. Scientific publications on the problem under consideration have been studied. Statistical, historical and economic methods were used.

Discussion and results. The Russian Federation in its recent history is characterized by negative demographic processes characterized by low birth rate, high mortality of the population, including economically active. This entails not only restraining the economic development of the country, but also significant economic losses and additional costs. There is a high incidence of temporary disability, including professional disability, despite the reduction in the number of jobs with harmful and dangerous conditions for health. Our country has the highest mortality rate in Europe against the background of a low level of occupational injuries. In the period before the COVID-19 pandemic, there was a decrease in mortality among people of working age, but the planned indicators were not achieved, and it remains almost the highest among developed countries.

In the SFD, the health of the economically active population is worse than in the whole of the Russian Federation. This is due to the following reasons: harsh climatic conditions, the presence of a large number of mining and processing enterprises with harmful and dangerous conditions for health, as well as traumatic types of work.

Conclusions. All of the above indicates the insufficiency of the measures taken and implemented to preserve the health of the working population, which ensures economic growth in the country and the social well-being of its citizens.

Keywords:health; diseases; mortality; disability; economically active population

Funding. The study had no sponsor support.

Conflict of interest. The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Contribution. Selection of literary sources, article writing (75%), general editing – Chernyshev V.M.; article writing (25%) – Strelchenko O.V.; search for statistical data, formation of tables, calculation of indicators – Mingazov I.F.

For citation: Chernyshev V.M., Strelchenko O.V., Mingazov I.F. Health of the economically active population in the Russian Federation and the Siberian Federal District and economic aspects. ORGZDRAV: novosti, mneniya, obuchenie. Vestnik VSHOUZ [HEALTHCARE MANAGEMENT: News, Views, Education. Bulletin of VSHOUZ]. 2022; 8 (2): 57–72. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33029/2411-8621-2022-8-2-57-72 (in Russian)

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CHIEF EDITOR
CHIEF EDITOR
Guzel E. Ulumbekova
MD, MBA from Harvard University (Boston, USA), Head of the Graduate School of Healthcare Organization and Management (VSHOUZ)
Вскрытие
Medicine today

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