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2 . 2023

The results of the study ethanol-containing drinks poisoning mortality the population 18–59 aged (on the example of the Chelyabinsk Region)


The mortality from external causes ranks 3rd in the structure of mortality in the Russian Federation. On the 2nd place of mortality from external causes is mortality from injuries and poisoning. At the same time, the peak of mortality from external causes falls on the age period of 20–60 years – the age of active working capacity, which determines the high biosocioeconomic significance and is a challenge for the development of effective preventive measures aimed at reducing the mortality of the working-age population.

The aim – to study the dynamics of mortality in the Chelyabinsk Region of young and middle age from the toxic effects of ethyl alcohol (age 18–59 years in accordance with the classification of the World Health Organization) for the period 2012–2021.

Material and methods. Mortality trends were analyzed taking into account the distribution by gender and territorial characteristics (cities and rural areas, large cities), and the above criteria were correlated with each other. The indicators were analyzed both in absolute and relative terms. The choice of the age period of 18–59 years is due to the greatest economic significance, since the population of this age is actively able-bodied, as well as the largest contribution to the overall structure of mortality.

Results and discussion. It was revealed that more than 80% of those who died from ethanol poisoning are males. There were no significant differences between the age groups of 18–44 years and 45–59 years. A downward trend was found in mortality from ethanol poisoning in urban and rural areas for the period 2012–2021 by 55%, except for the middle-aged population of Magnitogorsk (due to the male population) and the young male population of Chelyabinsk.

Generally, in urban and rural areas, a general trend towards a decrease in mortality from ethanol poisoning over the period 2012–2021 was revealed by 55% for the male and female population. At the same time, in large cities: Chelyabinsk, Magnitogorsk – the mortality rate of young men (in Chelyabinsk) and middle (in Magnitogorsk) is growing, and the mortality rate of young women is also increasing (in Magnitogorsk).

Conclusion. Existing measures aimed at reducing alcohol consumption by the population have some effect on reducing mortality from poisoning with ethanol-containing drinks. However, mortality from toxic exposure to ethanol is still one of the leading causes of premature death. In this regard, the need for further study of the factors affecting the alcoholization of the population is determined for the scientific substantiation of preventive measures for alcohol abuse and, as a result, reducing mortality from ethanol poisoning.

Keywords:mortality; alcohol mortality; population of the Chelyabinsk Region; ethanol poisoning; mortality from external causes; working age population

Funding. The study had no sponsor support.

Conflict of interest. The author declares no conflict of interest.

For citation: Botova M.A. The results of the study ethanol-containing drinks poisoning mortality the population 18–59 aged (on the example of the Chelyabinsk Region). ORGZDRAV: novosti, mneniya, obuchenie. Vestnik VSHOUZ [HEALTHCARE MANAGEMENT: News, Views, Education. Bulletin of VSHOUZ]. 2023; 9 (2): 74–85. DOI: (in Russian)


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Guzel E. Ulumbekova
MD, MBA from Harvard University (Boston, USA), Head of the Graduate School of Healthcare Organization and Management (VSHOUZ)

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